The plumbing through your home is an efficient system that takes waste water and debris from your toilets, sinks, and water-using appliances to deliver it out to the city sewer line or the property septic system. When you have a septic system on your property, it is as if you have your own waste treatment system.
Although a septic plumbing system runs smoothly and efficiently most of the time, there can become problems in several areas of its layout that require maintenance and repairs. Here are some tips to help you identify a problem in your septic system and some remediation options to lengthen the life of your septic system.
As you use your home's sinks, toilets, and other waste drainage, you will usually know if there is some type of problem backing up the waste water. This can come in the form of slow flowing toilets and sinks or toilets that continually backup and overflow. You might also notice sewage smells coming from your home's downstairs or basement and also waste water coming up out of the basement drains.
Outside Problem Indicators
In addition to signs of septic problems inside your home, your yard and its drain field can show signs of a clog or backup in the system. The drain field is buried just below the surface of the soil and lets water seep into the surrounding soil. But when you find that the drain field has become saturated with too much water, it will turn the drain field into a swamp with standing water on the surface of the ground. This can indicate the system has been flooded with too much water and it has upset the balance of the tank's layers and beneficial bacteria.
You may also find that there is an odor of sewage outside around the location of your septic system tank or around the drain field. In either situation, contact a local septic professional for them to determine the problem and repair it to restore your system.
Repair and Maintenance Options
After you have contacted your septic professional, they will inspect your system for the cause of its problems, whether they are backups, slow flowing lines, or drain line flooding. They will check your tank for proper water flow and levels, and they may also measure your sludge layer of debris on the bottom of the tank. If your tank needs to be pumped, they can complete this for you and will recommend a regular tank pump schedule for the future. If your tank is damaged or cracked, they will need to repair the tank or replace it completely.
If your drain field lines have become clogged or coated with sludge, they will need to be cleaned out. This can happen if your septic system has not been cleaned out for some time Your professional can disconnect the lines and clean them out with a sewer snake.
If you need septic tank drainfield repair, contact a local technician for help.